Terrorism is a term having the meaning that there is thought of making violence in countries to satisfy their goals which are different for different terror organizations. Some of them and the most common goals are:-
b) Political motive, and
c) Ideological thoughts
These three are the most common reasons among the motives for terrorism to prevail and out of these also Religion plays a very big role.
As India is a very diverse country it has many religions and also so many political institutions or parties that lead to chaos and ultimately to prove their selfish motives, Terrorism.
According to the Home Ministry of India, our country poses a significant threat to its people and if compared with other Countries, India faces a vast range of Terror organization which is mostly operated from countries like Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, and Bangladesh.
In India, there are also some internal terror organizations that emerged mostly due to some issues between them and the Government of India. Some of these are Sikhs who demand their own nation that is Khalistan, Naxalites in the North East region, Indian Mujahideen, and much more. In August 2008, National Security Advisor MK Narayanan has said that there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the nation. The number of major attacks that took place in India to date exceeds a very big number i.e. 107.
EVENT OF MAJOR ATTACKS:
Engrossed state of these terrorist organizations in India for Terrorism activities were The National Capital of India New Delhi, Maharashtra (particularly Mumbai), Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Jammu & Kashmir.
Mumbai has been the most preferred target of terror organization for so many reasons i.e. its geographical location, its major population (consisting of people from abroad), and also because it is our Finance Capital.
List of attacks that took place in Mumbai are:
Date of AttackPlace of AttackPeople Killed12th March, 1993.13 bomb blasts at different places.257.6th December, 2002.Bus bomb in Ghatkopar.2.27th January, 2003.Bicycle bomb in Vile Parle.1.13th March, 2003.Train bomb in Mulund.10.28th July, 2003.Bus bomb in Ghatkopar.4.25th August, 2003.Two bombs near Gateway of India and Zaveri Bazar.50.11th July, 2006.Seven train bombs.209.26th November, 2008.Coordinated series of attacks.172.13th July, 2011.Bomb explosion at three locations.26.
New Delhi is also a prime location for terrorists for their activities because the impact in the city Delhi leads to international demolition of the image of India in the eyes of the world. As New Delhi is the National capital of India it has all the important offices, educational institutions, a diverse population for their different reasons, and many more things that will lead to chaos if hampered a bit.
Major attacks that took place in New Delhi are:
2011 High Court bombing:
The 2011 Delhi bombing took place on 7th September 2011 at gate no.5 of the Delhi High Court, where a suspected briefcase was found. Its blast was very massive killing 12 people and 76 people were injured.
In 2005, three explosions took place in the Capital on 29th October 2005, which killed more than 60 people, and at least 200 were injured. These attacks were followed by 5 more bomb blasts in the National Capital on 13th September 2008.
2001 attacks on Indian Parliament:
On 13th December 2001, terrorists attacked the Parliament of India. It was a short but long 45 minutes gun battle that took the lives of 9 Policemen and parliament staff. It was a setup of 5 terrorists who attacked the parliament, all the terrorists were less with AK-47 rifles, explosives, and hand grenades for the attack. All these five were killed and were identified as Pakistani nationals. Although they were dead they threatened the whole nation by doing such a big act.
Uttar Pradesh has been in the eyes of Terrorists because of the issues related to Religion. Uttar Pradesh is a state having most of the important and famous Hindu temples along with the prominent and oldest Mosques.
The irony is that both the temples and mosques are like sharing at least there one wall, and only that one single wall is the reason for most of the Hindu- Muslim issues.
Varanasi which is termed as the oldest Hindu sacred place suffered two huge terror attacks in the shape of bombs. One on 7th December 2010, executed by Islamic Militant group Indian Mujahideen, and the second on 7th March 2006 in which 15 people were killed and 101 were injured, it was executed by Bangladeshi Islamic militant group Harkatul Jihad-al Islami.
2005 Ayodhya Attacks:
The long continuing Ayodhya crisis culminated in a terrorist attack on the site of 16th century Babri Masjid. This attack leads to a 2-hour gunfight between Lashkar-e-Toiba and the Indian police. It was believed that mastermind of this attack was Dawood Ibrahim.
In the 1980s, a group led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale demanded a separate state called Khalistan, independent of India. To counter this movement in 1984 the government conducted an operation called Blue Star. The group captured the Golden Temple complex and to counter them the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, ordered to storm the temple with the use of tanks. This firefight took for 74-hours and the army got the success. According to sources 83 Army personnel were killed and 249 were injured and militants got the casualties of around 493 and 86 were injured.
In the same year, the then Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikhs, this incident was believed to be the repercussion of Operation Blue Star.
In 1985, an Air India flight got bombed by Sikh terrorists killing 329 people on board. It was a flight from Canada to India. It is believed to be the worst terrorist attack in Canada’s history.
JAMMU & KASHMIR:
Jammu & Kashmir is a very prone state for terrorism. In this state only more than 50 terrorist groups are active. Most of the terrorism operations in Jammu & Kashmir are being guided by Pakistan as it wants the Kashmir region to be their part and this fight is not new, it is from the time of independence they are trying such terrorist attacks there so the Indian government gives that state to Pakistan.
In 2001, a car bombing was done by a militant group called Jaish-e- Mohammed on State Legislative Assembly. Four bombs were exploded killing 38 people and injuring 60.
In 2002, the Raghunath temple attack was a series of two attacks in two different months. First, in March when two suicide bombers attacked the temple killing 11 persons including 3 security guards, and also 20 were injured. Second, in November again a suicide squad entered the temple killing 14 devotees and injured 45.
Jammu & Kashmir is the state receiving most of the attacks in India. Today also they are suffering from the same things with the hope of ending such attacks and soon with time our forces and agencies are working hard to end this.